OKLAHOMA CITY--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Jan. 21, 2014--
LSB Industries, Inc. (NYSE:LXU) (“LSB”) today announced that its Board
of Directors, in consultation with independent financial and legal
advisors, has reviewed the open letter issued by Engine Capital LP
(“Engine Capital”) and has issued its response to LSB shareholders. The
letter discusses the following topics:
The Board and management team have the right plan in place to deliver
value to LSB shareholders.
The proposals from Engine Capital would deliver less value to LSB
shareholders than the Company’s plan.
The Board and management team are closely aligned with shareholders
and committed to effective oversight.
The full text of the letter from Jack E. Golsen, Chairman of the Board
and Chief Executive Officer, is below:
January 21, 2014
Dear Fellow LSB Shareholder:
Your Board and management team have a proven track-record of value
creation. The Board has overseen the expansion of LSB’s business and has
delivered solid shareholder returns. Our two core Chemical and Climate
Control businesses are positioned to benefit from strong demand in the
markets they serve over the coming years. Demand for fertilizer is
expected to remain steady, mainly as a result of population growth, an
increasing shift globally to growing animal feed crops as people consume
more protein and the use of bio-fuels. Nitrogen fertilizers, in
particular, are expected to experience sustained demand because they
must be applied each year and have a direct impact on farmers’ yields,
creating an economic incentive for farmers to increase the amount of
fertilizer used. LSB’s Climate Control business is expected to benefit
from the growth in commercial and residential construction in an
improving economy. Your Board and management team believe that our
three-year operating and capital plan for our Chemical and Climate
Control businesses will significantly increase EBITDA.
LSB’s stock price has increased by over 350% over the last five years,
outperforming the Company’s peer groups1 coming out of
the financial crisis.
The Board and management team believe that we have the right plan
place to deliver value to LSB shareholders.
The Company is making investments in LSB’s Chemical facilities necessary
to drive growth and value creation, and better position LSB to
capitalize on favorable market dynamics. LSB’s three-year capital
spending plan includes:
$250 to $300 million for the construction and completion of an ammonia
plant at the El Dorado facility—this investment will significantly
decrease LSB’s costs and eliminate its exposure to fluctuations in the
price of ammonia in the spot market.
$120 million for the new 65% nitric acid plant and concentrator also
at the El Dorado facility—this investment will replace lost capacity
and add additional capacity to facilitate growth.
Taken together, the capital investments in the El Dorado facility,
once complete, are expected to contribute approximately $90 to $100
million of incremental annual EBITDA, based on anticipated market
$50 to $75 million in plant reliability enhancements, and
environmental and safety upgrades at all of our chemical facilities.
$35 to $40 million for the development of the Zena natural gas
leasehold—this investment provides a partial hedge for the cost of
natural gas, one of our key raw material inputs.
When the Board evaluated a wide range of financing vehicles to fund the
ongoing capital investment program, it determined that the issuance of
the new Senior Secured Notes was the optimal financing alternative. In
addition, the Board believes that making these capital investments will
deliver meaningfully greater value than would be achieved through a
repurchase of the Company’s stock at current prices.
We are building a more stable and profitable enterprise
investing prudently for the future.
Our strategy is to invest in projects that generate the best returns for
our shareholders taking into consideration the risk and return on
investment. This strategy motivated our decision to build an ammonia
plant at El Dorado.
Ammonia, which is produced from natural gas, is the key component in the
production of all of our core, nitrogen-based products. Our Pryor and
Cherokee facilities both purchase natural gas in the spot market and
convert it into ammonia, which we then either sell or convert into other
products. By contrast, the El Dorado plant lacks the capability to
produce ammonia, which it in turn purchases at spot market prices from
the pipeline. This puts the facility at a cost disadvantage.
Our plan to build an ammonia plant will eliminate this disadvantage by
providing us with a reliable, low-cost source of this key input. El
Dorado’s new plant is expected to produce ammonia at a cost below $260
per short ton ($286 per metric ton)2. This is well below the
spot price of ammonia which has been highly volatile, fluctuating
between $400 per metric ton and $720 per metric ton over the past three
years, and averaging $573 per metric ton over that same period. Current
spot-market prices are $450 per metric ton. These prices are before
taking into account $28 per short ton of delivery costs. Furthermore,
with productive capacity of 375,000 tons annually, versus the 220,000
tons we historically purchased, we anticipate selling or upgrading the
excess ammonia to further increase profitability.
The plans enacted by the Board and management team also include the
construction of a new nitric acid plant and concentrator to replace the
productive capacity lost when El Dorado’s direct strong nitric acid
plant was damaged in May 2012. Having lost approximately 20% of El
Dorado’s nitric acid capacity and 100% of its concentrated nitric acid
capacity, the Board and management team determined to construct a new
state-of-the-art nitric acid plant and concentrator.
Overall, upon completion of the ammonia plant and the nitric acid plant
and concentrator, El Dorado will benefit from significantly reduced
feedstock costs, expanded capacity, improved efficiency and product mix
The Board and management team have also taken steps to mitigate the risk
of volatility in natural gas prices. Our investment in natural gas wells
in the Marcellus Shale Formation will provide a partial hedge for the
cost of this key raw material input.
We are enhancing operations and the reliability of our chemical
Your Board and management team have a long track record of building and
growing successful plants. For example, we have significantly grown the
El Dorado facility since we purchased it in the early 1980s and today it
is a 150 acre multi-product facility located on a 1,400 acre site. The
Company has also demonstrated a consistent record at its Cherokee
In addition, the Baytown plant is one of the newest and most
technologically advanced nitric acid plants in North America, with
demonstrated capacity exceeding 1,350 short tons per day. Since we
completed the plant in 1999, Bayer MaterialScience has relied on us to
manage all aspects of the facility and to provide a consistent nitric
acid supply. The operations in Baytown have been recognized as an OSHA
Voluntary Protection Program Star Site for ten years and have also
received numerous awards from the American Chemistry Council for safety
and environmental leadership.
In addition to pre-existing programs, we have taken a number of steps to
enhance the overall reliability and productivity of our Chemical
Engaging outside experts who specialize in risk management,
reliability, mechanical integrity and Process Safety Management;
Recruiting additional corporate and on-site facility management,
reliability, engineering and operational personnel;
Accelerating the automation of plant equipment diagnostic and
protective devices; and
Expanding the acquisition of spare parts to supplement existing
inventory of capital spares.
The management team has and continues to implement additional measures
at Pryor to improve the facility’s reliability. In addition, the
management team is confident in its ability to successfully complete the
reliability and capital projects underway in its Chemical business.
We are growing the Climate Control business.
LSB’s Climate Control business has significant potential to grow
revenues and profits due to projected increases in construction end
markets, initiatives underway to launch new products and implementation
of LEAN manufacturing practices. We have an extensive customer base with
thousands of premier installations and an overall installed base of more
than four million units. Commercial and institutional markets made up
approximately 83% of LSB Climate Control sales during 2013. According to
a recent McGraw Hill survey3, commercial construction—for the
building types most important to our Climate Control business—is
projected to grow 53% over the next four years, presenting significant
upside to this segment of LSB’s business. We also expect to see growth
from our residential end markets.
Given that the Company’s existing Climate Control manufacturing
facilities have unused capacity, we expect to be able to meet increased
demand for our products without investing in major plant expansions or
building new facilities. We believe with increased capacity utilization
and the positive economic outlook that is projected in commercial
construction, LSB will be able to achieve meaningful margin expansion
and earnings growth in the Climate Control business in the near to
The key components of our plan to drive growth in our Climate Control
Focusing on product niches, upgrading and expanding our current
product offerings by introducing new products in all categories with
an emphasis on product efficiencies and improved digital control
Continuing to develop the market for geothermal products, as well as
products for green and energy-efficient construction and retrofit
Continued focus on operational excellence: LEAN initiatives, product
and service quality, waste elimination, process improvement and cost
The Board believes that the proposals from Engine Capital would
deliver less value to LSB shareholders than the Company’s plan.
Despite our record of creating value, a recently formed hedge fund
called Engine Capital has issued a public letter to LSB shareholders
that presented a number of criticisms and proposals that the Board
believes would limit the potential upside to LSB shareholders. While
Engine Capital did not publicly reveal the size or duration of its
ownership in LSB, it claims to be a current shareholder.
The proposals from Engine Capital are not new or novel. The proposals
are all actions that your Board has previously considered and evaluated,
and determined not to be in the best interest of shareholders. In
connection with Engine Capital’s letter, your Board, in consultation
with its independent financial and legal advisors and with the
management team, undertook another review of the potential alternatives
suggested by Engine Capital. These alternatives include the separation
of the Company’s businesses, either by placing some or all of the
Chemical business assets into a Master Limited Partnership (“MLP”)
structure or pursuing a sale or spin-off of the Climate Control
business. As further discussed below, upon conclusion of its review,
your Board believes that the proposals from Engine Capital would deliver
less value to LSB shareholders than the Company’s plan and are not in
the best interest of shareholders.
The Board believes that an MLP is not a
viable structure for the Company’s chemical assets given the current
near-term cash flow profile of those assets. Because
MLP structures can be advantageous for assets with the right profile,
the Board has carefully considered LSB’s assets relative to the
characteristics of MLPs that have successfully created value and
attracted investor interest.
In reaching its conclusion, the Board recognized that LSB is in the
early stages of a significant capital investment program to upgrade and
enhance the El Dorado facility and operations. In addition, the Board
considered the work currently being undertaken at Pryor to improve the
reliability of that facility. Since the work to enhance both the
profitability and cash flow profile of these facilities is not complete,
the Board believes it would not be prudent to contribute them to an MLP.
Without the inclusion of El Dorado or Pryor, an LSB MLP’s lack of scale
is unlikely to generate sufficient investor demand in the current
market. The Board notes that the market values of comparable nitrogen
MLPs4 have declined by an average of 41% over the past year,
during a period of generally buoyant equity prices.
The Board believes that the Company’s plan to
grow the Climate Control business will deliver greater value to
shareholders than a sale or spin-off of the business.
Given the attractive growth prospects of the Climate Control business
and our assessment of the likely interest from potential buyers today,
the Board believes that LSB would not receive a premium that reflects
the inherent value of the business if it were to sell the Climate
With respect to a spin-off of the Climate Control business, the Board
has taken into consideration that LSB shareholders would take ownership
of equity in a sub-scale
stand-alone public company. This stand-alone company would face
immediate challenges due to downward pressure on the stock caused by
turnover in its shareholder base as chemicals-focused investors and
certain index funds exited or significantly reduced their positions.
Lastly, a spin-off would necessarily entail the dis-synergies of
duplicative public company costs, corporate functions, fees associated
with restructuring the Company’s debt indenture and other transaction
Engine Capital’s valuation methods appear misleading.
In its letter, Engine Capital uses a valuation methodology that
demonstrates a lack of understanding of our business and industry.
Engine Capital uses metrics such as ‘production capacity’ and
‘replacement value’ to estimate the value of LSB’s chemical assets
relative to those of certain MLP fertilizer manufacturers. These
metrics, as applied by Engine Capital, fail to incorporate many
important company-specific factors.
For example, Engine Capital’s use of Rentech Nitrogen Partners’
(“Rentech Partners”) East Dubuque facility as a comparable for our Pryor
and Cherokee facilities does not account for the product breakdown
differences between those facilities, nor the disparate geographies
those facilities serve. Rentech Partners’ East Dubuque facility is
located in the heart of the Corn Belt, between Illinois and Iowa. This
region consumes significantly more nitrogen fertilizer than it produces
and it is costly to transport nitrogen fertilizer to this region from
our facilities. East Dubuque’s products are used almost entirely for
agricultural end uses by farmers who operate within 200 miles of the
plant. As a consequence, the East Dubuque facility commands a higher
realized price per ton for its fertilizer products than does Pryor or
Cherokee, which serve regions that carry different transportation
dynamics. In addition, while Pryor’s products are substantially all for
agricultural uses, Cherokee’s revenues are approximately half
agricultural, with the balance of the products it sells being sold into
industrial and mining applications. However, LSB benefits from both
product and facility diversity, limiting exposure to any single end
market or facility.
Engine Capital’s use of CVR Partners’ facility as an additional means to
benchmark the value of LSB’s chemical assets suffers from similar
shortcomings. For example, like Rentech Partners’ East Dubuque facility,
CVR Partners is able to service its local catchment area in a
cost-effective manner from its Coffeyville, Kansas location. As a
result, it has historically commanded a higher average price after
freight per realizable ton for ammonia than LSB. CVR Partners also
enjoys a cost advantage through its use of pet coke rather than natural
gas as its primary feedstock because the price of pet coke has been less
volatile than the price of natural gas.
Engine Capital’s failure to acknowledge the fundamental differences
between the assets being compared significantly influences the results
of their valuations and calls into question the credibility of its
LSB’s Board and management team are closely aligned with shareholders
committed to effective oversight.
Your Board of Directors and management team currently hold an ownership
stake of approximately 19% of the Company, including convertible
preferred stock, and our interests are closely aligned with LSB
shareholders. Your Board and management team remain returns-focused and
committed to successfully executing on the Company’s strategic plan. LSB
believes that its existing plans will drive continued growth and value
creation for all shareholders.
As recently announced, LSB has reduced the size of its Board of
Directors from 14 to 10 members. Eight of the remaining 10 directors are
LSB’s Board and management team are working hard to manage through the
current macro environment and overcome recent operational challenges. We
believe the improvements we are making to enhance capacity and upgrade
facilities will stabilize operating performance and improve earnings
growth, positioning LSB for enhanced growth and profitability.
On behalf of the Board of Directors and management team, we appreciate
the continued support of LSB shareholders as we build value together.
Jack E. Golsen
Chairman of the Board and CEO
1 Nitrogen peers: CF Industries, Acron, Agrium, Yara and
Incitec Pivot. Nitrogen MLP peers: Terra Nitrogen, CVR Partners and
Rentech Nitrogen Partners. HVAC peers: Generac, Lennox, A. O. Smith,
Nortek, AAON, WFI, United Technologies, Schneider, Johnson Controls,
Ingersoll-Rand, Emerson, Regal Beloit, Belimo, Daikin, Haier, Yantai
Moon and Blue Star.
2 Conservatively based on an assumed natural gas price of
$5.00 per mmBtu vs. today’s 2016 future natural gas price of $4.09 per
3 Source: Fourth Quarter 2013 McGraw Hill Construction Market
4 Nitrogen MLPs referenced: Terra Nitrogen, Rentech Nitrogen
Partners and CVR Partners.
Credit Suisse is serving as financial adviser to LSB and Wachtell,
Lipton, Rosen & Katz and Conner & Winters, LLP are acting as legal
About LSB Industries, Inc.
LSB is a manufacturing and marketing company. LSB’s principal business
activities consist of the manufacture and sale of chemical products for
the agricultural, mining, and industrial markets, and the manufacture
and sale of commercial and residential climate control products, such as
geothermal and water source heat pumps, hydronic fan coils and modular
geothermal chillers, and large custom air handlers.
This press release includes certain forward-looking statements within
the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These
forward-looking statements generally are identified by use of the words
“believes”, “expects”, “intends”, “anticipates”, “plans to”,
“estimates”, “projects”, “should” or similar expressions, including,
without limitation, statements regarding benefits from demands in the
markets we serve; growth in the commercial construction industry;
increased EBITDA due to our operating and capital plans; growth and
value creation; replacing lost capacity and adding additional capacity
to facilitate growth; our profitability; ammonia price volatility; the
price of ammonia to remain above our cost to produce it; cost of the new
plants; benefits to El Dorado as a result of new plants; ability to
complete the capital projects; growth in revenues; growth from our
residential end markets; ability to meet increased demand for our
Climate Control products; margin expansion and earnings growth in the
Climate Control business; and value creation for all shareholders. Actual
results may differ materially from the forward-looking statements as a
result of various future events, including without limitation, general
economic conditions, weather conditions, equipment reliability, growth
in the construction industry in both commercial and residential areas,
federal and state governmental regulatory requirements, cost of raw
materials, ability to obtain new and/or replacement equipment in a
timely manner and at a reasonable cost, customer compliance with
material contracts, natural disasters, and “Risk Factors” contained in
the Company’s most recent 10-K and Forms 10-Q for quarters ended March
31, June 30 and September 30, 2013. These forward-looking
statements speak only as of the date of this press release, and LSB
expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any
updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein
to reflect any change in LSB’s expectations with regard thereto or any
change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such
statement is based.
Important Additional Information
LSB, its directors and certain of its executive officers may be
deemed to be participants in the solicitation of proxies from LSB
stockholders in connection with the matters to be considered at LSB’s
2014 Annual Meeting. LSB intends to file a proxy statement with
the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") in connection
with any such solicitation of proxies from LSB stockholders. LSB
STOCKHOLDERS ARE STRONGLY ENCOURAGED TO READ ANY SUCH PROXY STATEMENT
AND ACCOMPANYING WHITE PROXY CARD WHEN THEY BECOME AVAILABLE AS THEY
WILL CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION. Information regarding the
ownership of LSB’s directors and executive officers in LSB stock,
restricted stock and options is included in their SEC filings on Forms
3, 4 and 5. More detailed information regarding the identity of
potential participants, and their direct or indirect interests, by
security holdings or otherwise, will be set forth in the proxy statement
and other materials to be filed with the SEC in connection with LSB’s
2014 Annual Meeting. Information can also be found in LSB’s
Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012, filed
with the SEC on February 28, 2013. Stockholders will be able to
obtain any proxy statement, any amendments or supplements to the proxy
statement and other documents filed by LSB with the SEC for no charge at
the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.
Copies will also be available at no charge at LSB’s website at www.lsbindustries.com
or by contacting David M. Shear, General Counsel & Secretary at (405)
Reconciliation of Expected Operating Income to Non GAAP Measurement
Management uses EBITDA for purposes of making decisions that include
resource allocations and performance evaluations.
The term EBITDA as used herein is expected net income plus interest
expense, depreciation, amortization, income taxes and certain non-cash
charges unless otherwise described. EBITDA is not a measurement of
financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as an
alternative to GAAP measurements.
Operating income is as used herein as Income before interest expense
and income taxes. Following is the calculation of EBITDA as referenced
Beginning during 2016:
Expected Operating Income
Depreciation and Amortization
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LSB Industries, Inc.
Tony M. Shelby, 405-235-4546
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